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You’ll have to start keeping track of business income received through payment apps, but money from friends and family will not be taxed.
If you own your own business or have a side hustle and get paid through digital apps like PayPal, Zelle, Cash App or Venmo, earnings over $600 will now be reported to the IRS. A provision from the 2021 American Rescue Plan, which went into effect on Jan. 1, directs third-party payment processors to report transactions received for goods or services totaling over $600 per year to the IRS.
Prior to this legislation, a third-party payment platform would only report to the tax agency if a user had more than 200 commercial transactions and made more than $20,000 in payments over the course of a year.
What does this mean for you? The key thing to know right now is that it doesn’t apply to your 2021 tax return, which you’ll file this tax season. But it will apply to the earnings you make throughout 2022, which you’ll report when you file in 2023. Here are four things to know about the new tax rule.
1. This isn’t a tax change, it’s a reporting change
If you’re self-employed, you should already be paying taxes on your total income, regardless of how you receive your payments for goods and services. The new legislation is not a tax change — it’s a tax reporting change so the IRS can keep tabs on the transactions made through payment apps that often go unreported.
Going forward, third-party payment companies will issue you a 1099-K tax form each year if you earn $600 or more annually in income for goods or services. This tax form might include taxable and nontaxable transactions, particularly if the account is for both business and personal use.
The IRS will also receive a copy of the tax form and won’t be relying purely on self-reporting. “The IRS will be able to cross-reference both our report and yours,” Paypal noted in a November 2021 press release.
To make managing your business finances easier, we recommend creating separate PayPal, Zelle, Cash App or Venmo accounts just for your professional finances.
2. The IRS isn’t counting money you send to family and friends
Rumors have circulated that the IRS was cracking down on money sent through third-party payment apps to family and friends, but that isn’t true. Personal transactions involving gifts, favors or reimbursements are not considered taxable. Some examples of nontaxable transactions include:
- Money received from a family member as a holiday or birthday gift
- Money received from a friend covering their portion of a restaurant bill
- Money received from your roommate or partner for their share of the rent and utilities
3. Payment apps may be requesting tax information from you
Now that this new law is in effect, payment apps like PayPal may be reaching out to you to confirm tax information, such as your employer identification number (EIN), individual tax identification number (ITIN) or Social Security number. If you own a business, you most likely have an EIN, but if you’re a sole proprietor or individual freelance or gig worker, you’ll provide an ITIN or Social security number.
4. If you sell personal items at a loss, you won’t owe taxes
If you sell personal items for less than you paid for them and collect money via third-party payment apps, this new legislation won’t impact you. For example, if you buy a couch for your home for $500 and later sell it on Facebook Marketplace for $200, you won’t owe taxes on the sale. That’s because it’s a personal item you’ve sold at a loss. However, you may be required to show documentation of the original purchase to prove that you sold the item at a loss.
Make sure to keep a good record of your purchases and online transactions to avoid paying taxes on any nontaxable income — and when in doubt, reach out to a tax professional for help.
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